Soal TOEFL Bagian 3 (Longman)

Soal TOEFL Bagian 3 Reading

I. According to the passage. aspirin originated 

(A) no later than 1758 (B) sometime after 1758 (C) definitely sometime in 1758 (D) no earlier than 1758 

2. It can be inferred from the passage that Peruvian Bark 

(A) caused fevers (B) was ineffective in treating malaria (C) was described to the British Royal Society by Stone (D) was in use prior to aspirin 

3. The pronoun "it:' in line 5 refcrs to 

(A) malaria (B) willow bark (C) effectivcness (D) the British Royal Society 

4. The word "properties" in line 5 could hest be replaced by 

(A) ownership (B) body (C) characteristics (0) materials 

5. What did the willow bark look like after Stone prepared it for his experiments? 

(A) It was in large chunks. (B) It was a thick liquid. (C) It was a rough powder. (D) It was in strips of bark. 

6. The Italian chemists mentioned in the passage (!lost probably conducted their studies 011 willow bark 

(A) in the 1750s (B) in the 1760s (C) in the 17705 (D) in the 1780s 

7. What is true about Brugnatelli and Fontana? 

(A) They were from Italy. (B) They added a chemical to the willow bark. (C) They conducted studies on the willow bark. (0) They were medical doctors. 

8. The expression "prior to" in line 14 could best be replaced by 

(A) at (B) before (C) during (D) after

9. The word "turn" in line 15 could best be replaced by 

(A) spin (B) comer (C) change (D) reversal 

10. Where in the passage does the author name the scientific compound that makes up aspirin? 

(A) Lines 2-4 (B) Line 7 (C) Lines 8-9 (0) Lines 12-13

I I. The main su bject of the passage is 
(A) Melville's travels (8) the popularity of Melville's novels (C) Melville's personal background (D) Moby Dick 

12. According to the passage, Melville's early novels were 
(A) published while he was traveling (8) completely fictional (C) all about his work on whaling ships (D) based on his travels 

13. In what year did Melville's book about his experiences as a cabin boy appear? 
(A) 1837 (B) 1841 (C) 1847 (D) 1849 

14. The word "basis" in line 5 is closest in meaning to 
(A) foundation (B) message (C) bottom (D) theme

15. The passage implies that Melville stayed in Tahiti because 
(A) he had unofficially left his ship (8) he was on leave while his ship was in port (C) he had finished his term of duty (D) he had received permission to take a vacation in Tahiti 

16. A "frigate" in line 8 is probably 
(A) an office (B) a ship (C) a troop (D) a train 

17.. How did the publication of Moby Dick affect Melville's popularity? 
(A) His popularity increased immediately. (8) It had no effect on his popularity. (C) It caused his popularity to decrease. (D) His popularity remained as strong as ever.

18. According to the passage, Moby Dick is 
(A) a romantic adventure (B) a single-faceted work (C) a short story about a whale (D) symbolic of humanity fighting the environment 

19. The word "metamorphosis" in line 15 is closest in meaning to 
(A) circle (B) change (C) mysticism (D) descent 

20. The passage would most likely be assigned reading in a course on 
(A) nineteenth-century novels (B) American history (C) oceanography (0) modern American literature

21. According to the passage, ultraviolet radiation from the Sun 
(A) is causing severe damage to the Earth's ozone layer (B) is only a fraction of the Sun's electromagnetic radiation (C) creates electmmagnetic radiation (D) always reaches the Earth 

22. The word "encircling" in line 5 is closest in meaning to 
(A) rotating (B) attacking (C) raising (0) surrounding 

23. It is stated in the passage that the ozone layer 
(A) enables ultraviolet radiation to reach the Earth (B) reflects ultraviolet radiation (C) shields the Earth from a lot of ultraviolet radiation (D) reaches down to the Earth

24. According to the passage, an ozone molecule 
(A) consists of three oxygen molecules (B) contains more oxygen atoms than the usual oxygen molecule does (C) consists of two oxygen atoms (D) contains the same number of atoms as the usual oxygen molecule 

25. The word "free" in line 10 could best be replaced by 
(A) liberal (B) gratuitous (C) unconnected (0) emancipated 

26. Ultraviolet radiation causes oxygen molecules to 
(A) rise to the stratosphere (B) burn up ozone molecules (C) split up and reform as ozone (D) reduce the number of chloroflurocarbons

27. The pronoun "it" in line 13 refers to 
(A) radiation (B) process (C) formation (D) damage 

28. The word "culprits" in line 16 is closest in meaning to which of the following? 
(A) Guilty parties (B) Detectives (C) Group members (D) Leaders 

29. According to the passage, what happens after a chlorine molecule reacts with an ozone molecule?
(A) The ozone breaks down into three oxygen atoms. (B) Two different molecules are created. (C) The two molecules combine into one molecule. (D) Three distinct molecules result.

30. Where in the passage does the author explain how much damage chlorine can do? 
(A) Lines 1-3 (B) Lines 12-14 (C) Lines 18-19 (D) Lines 20--22 

31. The paragraph following the passage most likely' discusses 
(A) the negative results of the cycle of ozone destruction (B) where chloronurocarbons (CFCs) come from (C) the causes of the destruction of ozone molecules (D) how electromagnetic radiation is created

32. The main idea of the passage is that nonmetric measurements 
(A) are, in reality, quite illogical (B) lack the clal'ity of metric measurements (C) arc actually based on simple concepts (D) developed from Roman measurements 

33. What is stated about the term (001 as used by the Romans? 
(A) It had nothing to do with the body part of the same name. (B) It was not a standard measurement. (C) It was equal in length to two footsteps. (D) It was not very easy for people to understand. 

34. The word "visualize" in line 9 is closest in meaning to 
(A) picture mentally (B) describe exactly (C) sketch roughly (D) measure precisely

35. It is NOT mentioned in the passage that the term yard 
(A) was originally used to describe a measurement based on body parts (B) changed in definition in the 14th century (C) is now equal to three feet (D) was in use prior to the term 

36. The word "extensively" in line 10 could best be replaced by 
(A) lengthily (B) precisely (C) widely (D) occasionally 

37. What is NOT true, according to the passage? 
(A) The English word mile is derived from a Latin word. (B) The Latin word mille has the same meanings as the English word mile. (C) A distance of a mile is approximately 2,000 steps. (D) A distance of a mile is roughly equivalent to 5,000 feet.

38. What is a "knot" in line 16? 
(A) A measure of distance (B) A measure of force (C) A measure of time (D) A measure of speed 

39. It is implied in the passage that 
(A) a measurement in knots requires information on both distance and time (B) a knot can be used to make measurements on land (C) a knotted rope could be used to measure knots without an hourglass (0) the term knot has come to be used only recently

40. Which paragraph discusses examples of measurements based on parts of the body? 
(A) The first paragraph (B) The second paragraph (C) The third paragraph (0) The last paragraph

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